Flower: Monoecious; males long cylindrical, red to yellow, in clusters at branch tips; females yellow to purple.
Fruit: Cones are ovoid to cylindrical and red-brown in color. The umbo is armed with a short spine. Cones are roughly the size of a potato (3 to 6 inches). Maturing September to October.
Twig: Orange-brown in color, fine to moderately stout. Buds are light reddish-brown.
Bark: Quite variable. When young, appears brown and scaly. Older trees are ridged and furrowed, with somewhat apparent blocks. Very old trees have red-brown scaly plates.
Form: A medium to large tree that self-prunes well and develops a straight trunk and an oval, somewhat dense crown.
Copyright (c) 2000, 2001 Pee Dee Resource Conservation and Development Council.
This page was last updated on August 31, 2001.