Flower: Male flowers are catkins, 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches long, present throughtout the winter. Female flowers are slender, light green catkins, 1/4 inch long, appearing in April.
Fruit: Very distinctive, resembling hops. More specifically, a 1/4 inch nutlet is enclosed in a dried, leafy, inflated involucre. Serveral involucres hang from one stem, 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches long. Maturing after August, persistant through winter.
Twig: Slender, reddish-brown, smooth, and may be slightly pubescent. Male catkins present on the end of the branch. Buds are small, conical, and covered with red-brown, finely grooved scales.
Bark: Has a shreddy appearance, broken into small plates or scales that are papery thin, and may be broken off with a brush of the hand.
Form: A small tree that developes a round crown of fine branches.
Copyright (c) 2000, 2001 Pee Dee Resource Conservation and Development Council.
This page was last updated on August 31, 2001.