Flower: Staminate flowers borne on catkins. Pistillate flowers borne on spikes. Appearing April to May.
Fruit: Acorns are 1/2 to 3/4 inch long, ovoid and 1/3 enclosed in a bowl-shaped cap. Cap scales are loosely appressed, light brown and tomentose. Matures in 2 years, August to October.
Twig: Stout and red-brown to gray-green, usually glabrous but stump sprouts may be hairy. Buds are large, buff-colored, pubescent, pointed and distinctly angular.
Bark: At first gray and smooth, becoming thick, nearly black and deeply furrowed vertically with horizontal breaks. The inner bark is yellow-orange and bitter tasting.
Form: A medium-sized tree with an irregular crown and a tapering, limby bole.
Copyright (c) 2000, 2001 Pee Dee Resource Conservation and Development Council.
This page was last updated on August 31, 2001.